NFL SANCTIONED VIOLENCE

Ann McKee, director of BU’s CTE Center, is co-author on a new JAMA study that found CTE in 99 percent of brains obtained from National Football League players. Photo by Asia Kepka

How many times will the NFL get to secretly handle violent football players? Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, or C.T.E. has been widely known to ruin a foot ball player’s life since way back in the early twenties. This is not a new condition. While it went undiscovered and unstudied, Roger Goodell could ignore it – but what now? CAUTION: EXTREMELY VIOLENT VIDEO

EXTREMELY VIOLENT VIDEO EVIDENCE

The condition has been studied ad nauseum so there should be no good reason why the National Football League, specifically Roger Goodell still gets a pass. How convenient it must be to be able to say, “Oh well, the player can’t be examined except posthumously so there is no way to prove the player has C.T.E.”

ZACKARY LATRELL STACY

How many people have to die at the hands of violent football players suffering from C.T.E. before the NFL will accept that the football player does not have to have a proof positive C.T.E. diagnosis which can only be obtained after the player is dead. It is time the NFL simply recognize the symptoms and ban the player from playing football ever again.

If you or anyone you know needs help, call the National Domestic Violence Hotline: 800-799-7233

Former players listed as plaintiffs in lawsuits against the NFL for concussion-related injuries received after playing. According to Wikipedia this list is incomplete. The NFL reportedly reached a settlement in 2013 with around 4,500 former players (or their estates). This list currently contains fewer than half that number.

  1. Khalid Abdullah[98]
  2. Robert Abraham[99]
  3. Sid Abramowitz[100]
  4. Bobby E. Abrams Jr.[101]
  5. Ron Acks[102]
  6. Tony Adams[99]
  7. George Adams[103]
  8. Henry Adams[104]
  9. Keith Adams[105]
  10. Robert Adams[106]
  11. Scott Adams[105]
  12. Vashone Adams[102]
  13. Margene Adkins[99]
  14. Luis Aguiar[106]
  15. Chidi Ahanotu[107][108]
  16. David Ahrens[99]
  17. Samaji Akili[99]
  18. Ethan Albright[109]
  19. Arnold Ale[110]
  20. Charles Alexander Jr.[111]
  21. David Alexander[112]
  22. Roc Alexander[110]
  23. Vernest Alexander[100]
  24. Eric Allen[113]
  25. Dalva Allen[114]
  26. Terry T. Allen[115]
  27. James Althoff[104]
  28. Martin Amsler[116]
  29. Michael Andersen[105]
  30. Alfred Anderson[112][102]
  31. Donny Anderson[104]
  32. Erick Anderson[113]
  33. Fred Anderson[99][108]
  34. Garry (Donny) Anderson[99]
  35. Jamal Anderson[117]
  36. Kim Anderson[118]
  37. Ottis Anderson[119]
  38. Richard Anderson[99]
  39. Roger Anderson III[120]
  40. Charles Anthony[99][121]
  41. Cornelius Anthony[104]
  42. Reidel Anthony[99]
  43. Lionel Antoine[99]
  44. Shellye Archambeau[106]
  45. Jojuan Armour[122]
  46. Harvey Armstrong[99]
  47. Richard Arndt[102]
  48. Mark Arneson[99][102]
  49. Jon Arnett[123]
  50. James Arnold[120][102]
  51. Joseph Aska Jr.[121]
  52. Peter Athas[99]
  53. Mike Augustyniak[99]
  54. William Austin[116]
  55. Reginald Austin[124]
  56. Robert Avellini[106]
  57. John Avery[125]
  58. Steve Baack[107][108]
  59. Charlie Babb[100]
  60. Robert Babich[102]
  61. Curtis Baham[126]
  62. Elmer Bailey[107][108]
  63. Karsten Bailey[117]
  64. Mario Bailey[121]
  65. Robert Bailey[124]
  66. William Bain[114]
  67. Jame Baisleys Jr.[120]
  68. Ralph Baker[110]
  69. Brian Baldinger[125]
  70. Gary Baldinger[105]
  71. Richard Baldinger[110]
  72. Sam Ball[114]
  73. John Banaszak[99]
  74. Fred Banks[117]
  75. Mike Banks[115]
  76. Michael Bankston[121]
  77. Warren Bankston[125]
  78. Gary Barbbaro[127]
  79. Christopher Barber[112]
  80. Roy Barker[128]
  81. Jerome Barkum[129]
  82. Kevan Barlow[128]
  83. Reggie Barlow[128]
  84. Allen Barnes[99]
  85. Billy Ray Barnes[112]
  86. Jeff Barnes[99]
  87. Larry Barnes[130]
  88. Lew Barnes[105]
  89. Fred Barnett[122][101]
  90. Timothy Barnett[101]
  91. Lemuel Barney[99]
  92. Steve Bartkowski[99]
  93. James Barton[100]
  94. Brian Baschnagel[106]
  95. Idress Bashir[107]
  96. Mike Bass[99]
  97. Eric Bassey[131]
  98. Larry Bates[102]
  99. Patrick Bates[115]
  100. Michael Batiste[110]
  101. Marco Battaglia[115]
  102. James Battle[102]
  103. Steve Baumgartner[102]
  104. Aaron Beasley[128]
  105. Derrick Beasley[104]
  106. Terry Beasley[117]
  107. Doug Beaudoin[99]
  108. Jeff Beaver[105]
  109. Aubrey Beavers[121]
  110. Brett Bech[127]
  111. Kurt Becker[123]
  112. Rogers Beckett[121]
  113. Don Beebe[123]
  114. Thomas Beer[99]
  115. Monty Beisel[105]
  116. Anthony Bell[114]
  117. Billy Bell[99]
  118. Robert Bell[99]
  119. Bruce Bell[106]
  120. Edward Bell[114]
  121. Grantis Bell[112]
  122. Ken Bell[112]
  123. Nickolas Bell[99]
  124. Rodney Bellinger[125]
  125. Donnell Bennett[128]
  126. Woodrow Bennett[130]
  127. Charles Benson[110]
  128. Mitchell Benson[121]
  129. Troy Benson[112]
  130. Peter Bercich[115]
  131. Bob Berry[99]
  132. Gary Berry[100]
  133. Sean Berton[132]
  134. Donald Bessillieu[119]
  135. Eric Beverly[128]
  136. Richard Bielski[112]
  137. Keith Biggers[110]
  138. Guy Bingham[117]
  139. Ryon Bingham[115]
  140. Joseph Biscaha[110]
  141. Bill Bishop[99]
  142. Harold Bishop[106]
  143. Ken Blackman[105]
  144. Lyle Blackwood[102][108]
  145. Lyle Blackwood Jr.[107]
  146. Willie Blade[128]
  147. Brian Blades[107][108]
  148. Horatio Blades[107][108]
  149. Robert Blanchard[116]
  150. Ruben Scott Blanton[115]
  151. Anthony Blaylock[117]
  152. Michael Blazitz[121]
  153. Phillip Bobo[107]
  154. Joseph Bock[114]
  155. Dominec Boddie[102]
  156. Nicholas Bolkovac[99]
  157. Andrew Bolton[110]
  158. Ronald Bolton[116]
  159. Scott Bolzan[102]
  160. Vaughn Booker[124]
  161. Ryan Boschetti[115]
  162. Keith Bostic[121]
  163. Michael Boulware[115]
  164. Emil Boures[110]
  165. Sam Bowers[110]
  166. Charles Bowser[121]
  167. Bobby Boyd[102]
  168. Brent Boyd[99]
  169. Gregory Boyd[99]
  170. Greg Bracelin[116]
  171. Edward Bradley Jr.[110]
  172. Henry Bradley[102][99]
  173. Otha Bradley[102]
  174. William C. Bradley[119]
  175. Kyle Brady[121]
  176. Stephen Braggs[105]
  177. Dennis Bragonier[104]
  178. Daniel Brandenburg[120]
  179. David Brandon[117]
  180. Scot Brantley[130]
  181. Melvin Bratton[124]
  182. Robert Brazile[98]
  183. Jeffrey Bregel[116][128]
  184. John Brewer[99]
  185. Greg Brewton[105]
  186. Lamont Brightful[128]
  187. Vincent Brisby[128]
  188. Jerry Broadnax[104]
  189. Vaughn Broadnax[123]
  190. Timothy Broady[117]
  191. John Brodie[106]
  192. Kevin Brooks[121]
  193. Michael Brooks[106][100]
  194. James Brophy[110]
  195. Luther Broughton[123]
  196. Steven Broussard[117]
  197. Aaron Brown[110]
  198. Cedric Brown[130][106]
  199. Chad Brown[128]
  200. Charles Brown[102]
  201. Curtis Brown[117]
  202. Deauntae Brown[128]
  203. Edward Brown[123]
  204. Fakhir Brown[131]
  205. Gregory Brown[133]
  206. Joseph “Berry” Brown[130]
  207. Lance Brown[102]
  208. Lomas Brown[134]
  209. Marc S. Brown[99]
  210. Raymond Brown[99]
  211. Reggie Brown[124]
  212. Regilyn Brown[128]
  213. Reginald Brown[121]
  214. Robert L. Brown[107]
  215. Robert Lee Brown[108]
  216. Roger Brown[123]
  217. Ronald Brown[104]
  218. Terry Brown[121]
  219. Keith Browner[117]
  220. Ross Browner[117]
  221. Lydia Brunet[108]
  222. Robert Brunet[107]
  223. Jeffrey Bryant[117]
  224. Maurice Bryant[121]
  225. Warren Bryant[117]
  226. Miguel (“Mike”) Bryce-Dingle[124]
  227. Vince Buck[126]
  228. Robert Buczkowski[115]
  229. Ed Budde[131]
  230. Dan Buenning[135]
  231. Daniel Buggs[117]
  232. L. Drew Buie[102]
  233. Rudolph Bukich[130]
  234. Norman Bulaich[110]
  235. Courtland Bullard[125]
  236. Courtland Bullard Jr.[121]
  237. Jarrod Bunch[116]
  238. Jim Bundren[136]
  239. James Burgess[125]
  240. Randall William Burke[123]
  241. Bobby Burnett[114]
  242. Joe Burns[117]
  243. Jeff Burris[119]
  244. Derrick Burroughs[112]
  245. Noah Burroughs[99]
  246. Kenneth Burrow[99]
  247. Blair Bush[100]
  248. Andy Bushak[104]
  249. Dexter Bussey[110]
  250. Robert Butler[107][108]
  251. Duane Butler[128]
  252. Leroy Butler[125]
  253. Michael Butler[102]
  254. Raymond Butler[117]
  255. Keith Byars[125]
  256. Carl Byrum[116]
  257. James Cadile[110]
  258. William Cahill[99]
  259. Kenneth Callicut[137]
  260. Kenneth Callicutt[116]
  261. Christopher Calloway[119]
  262. Richard Camarillo[102]
  263. Lamar Campbell[124]
  264. Woodrow Campbell[116]
  265. James Cannida[100]
  266. John Cappelletti[99]
  267. Joe Carmen[109]
  268. Albert Carmichael[131]
  269. Brett Carolan[104]
  270. Joseph Carollo[114]
  271. Ronald Carpenter Jr.[102]
  272. William Carr[117]
  273. Roger Carr[99]
  274. Alphonso Carreker[117]
  275. Paul Carrington[120]
  276. Travis Carroll[117]
  277. Allen Carter[99]
  278. Dale Carter[113]
  279. Jonathan Carter[121]
  280. Lavonya Carter[117][110]
  281. Michael Carter[100]
  282. Rubin Carter[102]
  283. Virgil Carter[120]
  284. Johndale Carty[117]
  285. Melvin Carver[99]
  286. Shante Carver[119]
  287. Scott Case[110]
  288. Richard Cash[102]
  289. Tom Cassese[125]
  290. Mark Catano[110]
  291. Carmen Cavalli[100]
  292. Mario Celotto[99]
  293. Eugene Ceppetelli[131]
  294. Gordon Ceresino[110]
  295. Byron Chamberlain[128]
  296. Chris Chambers[128]
  297. Dionna Chambers[128]
  298. Robert Chancey[117]
  299. Lindsey Chapman[107]
  300. John Charles[112]
  301. Michael Cheever[106]
  302. Darrin Chiaverini[113]
  303. Mark Chmura[131]
  304. Jason Chorak[105]
  305. Herbert Christopher[117]
  306. Earl Christy[99]
  307. Greg Christy[105]
  308. Jeff Christy[131]
  309. Eugene Chung[105]
  310. Vinny Ciurciu[115]
  311. Darryl Clack[121]
  312. Allan V. Clark[99]
  313. Gail Clark[104]
  314. Jamal Clark[121]
  315. Kenneth Clark[115]
  316. Mario Clark[114]
  317. Randy Clark[100]
  318. Reginald Clark[99]
  319. Stephen Clark[117]
  320. Vincent Clark[113]
  321. Wayne Clark[114]
  322. Kenneth Clarke[124]
  323. Raymond Clayborn[119]
  324. Felipe Claybrooks[117]
  325. Harvey Clayton[107][108]
  326. Cam Cleeland[128]
  327. Anthony Cline Sr.[123]
  328. Tony F. Cline Jr.[99]
  329. Jonathan Clinkscale[121]
  330. Michael Cloud[115][130]
  331. Ben Coates[128]
  332. Tony Coats[110]
  333. Garry Cobb[104]
  334. Marvin Cobb[123]
  335. Joe Cocozzo[125]
  336. Sherman Cocroft[105]
  337. Ron Coder[99]
  338. Gail Cogdill[102]
  339. Daniel Colchico[99]
  340. Larry Cole[104]
  341. Lincoln Coleman Jr.[121]
  342. Roderick Coleman[117]
  343. Cosey Coleman[117]
  344. Anthony Collins[119]
  345. Calvin Collins[117]
  346. Frank Collins[114]
  347. Glen Collins[131][102]
  348. Mark Collins[106]
  349. Mo Collins[104]
  350. Shawn Collins[104]
  351. Ben Colman[128]
  352. James Colvin[104]
  353. Charles Commiskey[126]
  354. Glen Condren[104]
  355. Mike Connelly[104]
  356. John Connon[110]
  357. Scott Conover[110]
  358. John Contoulis[110]
  359. Edward Cooke[100]
  360. William Cooke[99]
  361. Robert Cooksey[117]
  362. Robert Coons[102]
  363. Chris Cooper[128]
  364. Deke Cooper[117]
  365. Jarrod Cooper[128]
  366. Marion Earl Cooper[116]
  367. Mark Cooper[99]
  368. Obadiah Cooper[121]
  369. Danny Copeland[117]
  370. Horace Copeland[101]
  371. Gowdy Cornell[107]
  372. Frank Cornish III[121]
  373. Quentin Coryatt[115][100]
  374. Douglas Cosbie[99]
  375. Marcia Cosma[107]
  376. Dave Costa[99]
  377. Paul Costa[100]
  378. Mark Cotney[99]
  379. James Cotton[128]
  380. Marcus Cotton[123]
  381. Terry Cousin[106]
  382. James Covert[99]
  383. Anthony Covington[119]
  384. Arthur Cox[124]
  385. Tom Cox[113]
  386. Eric Crabtree[121]
  387. Francisco Craig[101]
  388. Neal Craig[99]
  389. Vernon Crawford[128]
  390. Joe Cribbs[99]
  391. Henri Crockett[128]
  392. Keaton Cromartie[126]
  393. Peter Cronan[99]
  394. Cleveland Crosby[121]
  395. Ronald Crosby[110]
  396. David Crossan[105]
  397. Charles Crow[104]
  398. Lindon Crow[116]
  399. Harry Crump[101]
  400. Robert Cryder[104]
  401. James Culbreath[106]
  402. Curley Culp[102]
  403. Brad Culpepper[120]
  404. Carl Cunningham[100]
  405. Michael Curcio[117]
  406. William Curran[99]
  407. Craig Curry[99]
  408. Eric Curry[107][108]
  409. George Curry[107][108]
  410. Tom Curtis[99]
  411. Randy Cuthbert[106]
  412. Dave D’Addio[131]
  413. Antico Dalton[121]
  414. Lional Dalton[128]
  415. Michael D’Amato[106]
  416. William Daniel[99]
  417. Chatric Darby[128]
  418. Matt Darby[121]
  419. Trey Darilek[109]
  420. Don Davey[106]
  421. Kenneth Davidson[121]
  422. Al Davis[120]
  423. Dexter Davis[114]
  424. Elgin Davis[106]
  425. John Davis Jr.[116]
  426. Johnnie Lee Davis[121]
  427. Johnny Davis[102]
  428. Kenneth Davis[112]
  429. Michael “Tony” Davis[99]
  430. Mitchell Davis[117]
  431. Oliver Davis[121]
  432. Ronald Davis[106]
  433. Russell Davis[123]
  434. Thabiti Davis[121]
  435. Troy Davis[112]
  436. Tyrone Davis[104]
  437. Wallace Davis[117]
  438. Wendell Davis[110]
  439. Frederick Dean[102]
  440. Vernon Dean[119]
  441. Joe DeLamielleure[99][108]
  442. Greg DeLong[128]
  443. Robert Delpino[113]
  444. Bob Demarco[112]
  445. John Demarie[100]
  446. Glenn Derby[116]
  447. Brian Deroo[104]
  448. Chuck Detwiler[110]
  449. Anthony Dickerson[123]
  450. Kenneth Dickerson Sr.[102]
  451. Curtis Dickey[117]
  452. Scott Dierking[125]
  453. Christian Dieterich[102]
  454. Stacey Dillard[121]
  455. Douglas Dilts[102]
  456. Gennaro DiNapoli[135]
  457. Adrian Dingle[121]
  458. Robert Dirico[100]
  459. Corey Dixon[127]
  460. Ernest Dixon[124]
  461. Floyd Dixon[117]
  462. Hanford Dixon[121]
  463. Herbert Dobbins[99]
  464. Conrad Dobler[99]
  465. Kirk Dodge[123]
  466. Jason Doering[110]
  467. Stephen Doig[107][108]
  468. Christopher Doleman[117]
  469. Jeff Donaldson[113]
  470. Doug Donley[110]
  471. Michael Donohoe[120]
  472. Coy Donohue[104]
  473. Thomas Donquail[117]
  474. Matthew Dorsett[121]
  475. Tony Dorsett[101]
  476. Eric Dorsey[117]
  477. Reggie Doss[104]
  478. David Douglas[104]
  479. Maurice Douglas[110]
  480. Rome Douglas[121]
  481. Scott Dragos[132]
  482. Troy Drayton[128]
  483. Douglas Dressler[110]
  484. Shane Dronett[138]
  485. James Druckenmiller[109]
  486. Mark Duda[106]
  487. A.J. Duhe[100]
  488. Chris Duliban[110]
  489. Jonathan Dumbauld[110]
  490. James Brian Duncan[99]
  491. Jamie Duncan[117]
  492. Kenneth Dunek[106]
  493. Leonard Dunlap[100]
  494. London Dunlap[121]
  495. Reggie Dupard[99]
  496. Mark Duper[119]
  497. Billy Joe Dupree[116][121]
  498. Marcus Dupree[98]
  499. Pete Duranko[139]
  500. Sandy Durko[102]
  501. Dusty Dvoracek[128]
  502. Robin Earl[116]
  503. Kenny Easley[99]
  504. A Doug Easlick[109]
  505. Ray Easterling (deceased)[140]
  506. Irvin Eatman[123]
  507. Chad Eaton[131]
  508. Scott Eaton[99]
  509. Tracey Eaton[100]
  510. John Ebersole[107][108]
  511. Brad Edelman[99]
  512. Kalimba Edwards[128]
  513. Chris Edmonds[120]
  514. Marc Edwards[117]
  515. Mario Edwards[128]
  516. Robert Edwards[137]
  517. Timothy Edwards Jr.[114]
  518. Tyrone Edwards[121]
  519. Ronald Egloff[102]
  520. Chuck Ehin[105]
  521. Gary Ellerson[112]
  522. Craig Ellis[99]
  523. Edward Ellis[128]
  524. Ken Ellis[123]
  525. Ray Ellis[106]
  526. Richard Ellis[116]
  527. Dave Elmendorf[104]
  528. Jimbo Elrod[101]
  529. Bert Emanuel[110]
  530. Derek Engler[125]
  531. Phillip Epps[105]
  532. Paul Ernster[120]
  533. Michael Esposito[106]
  534. Lawrence Estes[131]
  535. Gregory Evans[107]
  536. Larry Evans[105]
  537. Michael Evans[141]
  538. Kevin Everett[104]
  539. Major Everett[124]
  540. Steve Everitt[112]
  541. Nuu Faaola[125]
  542. Jim Fahnhorst[106]
  543. Terry Fair[124]
  544. Ken Fantetti[99]
  545. Mel Farr Jr.[117]
  546. Michael Farr[117]
  547. Trev Faulk[126]
  548. Jeff Faulkner[100]
  549. Gerald Feehery[140]
  550. Rick Fenney[102]
  551. Joe Ferguson[99]
  552. Keith Ferguson[121]
  553. Bill Ferrario[109]
  554. Brad Fichtel[110]
  555. Ascotti (Scott) Fields[107][108]
  556. Edgar Fields[124]
  557. Mark Fields[115]
  558. Dan Fike[113]
  559. Matter Finkes[128]
  560. Jim Finn[132]
  561. Levar Fisher[102]
  562. John Fitzgerald[104]
  563. Jim Flanigan[110]
  564. Flint Fleming[110]
  565. Steve Foley[99]
  566. Lee Folkins[99]
  567. Bernard Ford[101]
  568. Brad Ford[107][108]
  569. Jay Foreman[128]
  570. Fred Forsberg[99][106]
  571. Elliot Fortune[117]
  572. Barry Foster[101]
  573. Roy Foster[121]
  574. Elbert Foules[110]
  575. Jamal Fountaine[100]
  576. John Fourcade[126]
  577. Ryan Fowler[142]
  578. Tim Fox[99]
  579. Bobby Franklin[102]
  580. Byron Franklin Sr.[110]
  581. Jane Frederickson[102]
  582. Robert J. Frederickson[119]
  583. Solomon Freelon[131]
  584. Lorenzo Freeman[115]
  585. Mike Freeman[105]
  586. Phillip Freeman[99]
  587. Rockne Freitas[114]
  588. William Frizzell[106]
  589. David Fulcher Sr.[110]
  590. Mike Fuller[110]
  591. Darrell Fullington[99]
  592. Frenchy Fuqua[102]
  593. Dominic Furio[121]
  594. Anthony Furjanic[114]
  595. Michael Thomas Furrey[140]
  596. Oronde Gadsden[128]
  597. Derrick Gaffney[99]
  598. Lawrence Gagner[99]
  599. George Gaiser[113]
  600. Scott Galbraith[110]
  601. Duane Galloway[119]
  602. Scott Galyon[112]
  603. Michael Gann[101]
  604. Mark Garalczyk[107][108]
  605. Frank Garcia[110]
  606. James Garcia[99]
  607. Talman Gardner[121]
  608. Thomas Garlick[106]
  609. Kelvin Garmon[115]
  610. Kevin Garrett[100]
  611. Walt Garrison[104]
  612. Percell Gaskins[121]
  613. Jim Gatziolis[105]
  614. Akbar Gbaja-Biamila[118]
  615. James Geathers[117]
  616. Kenneth Geddes[102]
  617. Chris Gedney[105]
  618. Mitchell Geier[104]
  619. Chris Geile[113]
  620. Dennis Gentry[112]
  621. Jammi German[128]
  622. Ronnie Ghent[105]
  623. Antonio Gibson[119]
  624. Ernest Gibson[124]
  625. Jimmie Giles[130]
  626. Darrel Gill[121]
  627. Hubert Ginn[99][104]
  628. Reginald Gipson[121]
  629. Bob Gladieux[102]
  630. Brian Glasgow[100]
  631. Lamarr Glenn[125]
  632. Andrew Glover[122][143]
  633. Randall Godfrey[124]
  634. Leo Goeas[112]
  635. Brad Goebel[113]
  636. George Goeddeke[119]
  637. Jack Golden[128]
  638. Austin Gonsoulin[123]
  639. Chris Goode[119]
  640. Conrad Goode[102]
  641. Kerry Goode[119]
  642. Robert Hunter Goodwin[115]
  643. Tom Goosby[104]
  644. Jeff Gossett[105]
  645. Leonard Gotshalk[113]
  646. Kurt Gouveia[123]
  647. Cornell Gowdy[108]
  648. Jim Grabowski[123]
  649. Randy Gradishar[99]
  650. Neil Graff[104]
  651. William Graham[121]
  652. Darryl Grant[123]
  653. Bob Grant[113]