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The Elks Veterans Memorial and Headquarters Building has been a Chicago landmark since its dedication on July 14, 1926. The accompanying photographs can only suggest the beauty and grandeur of this awe-inspiring structure, designed by New York architect Egerton Swarthout, and considered by many experts to be the finest of its kind in the world. Sculptures are by three of the greatest artists of their day, Adolph A. Weinman, James Earle Fraser and Fraser’s wife, Laura Gardin Fraser. The allegorical murals are by Edwin H. Blashfield and Eugene Savage.

The Elks in Orlando, Florida

One thing is certain if you need a place to hold a wedding, graduation or family reunion in Orlando, Florida – this Lodge is a perfect venue. That the Orlando Elks Club is steeped in history, tradition and ritual only adds to the location‘s charm. It boasts one of the nicest and economically priced catering halls available in this high resort region where Disney, Universal and Sea World are but only three of the many resorts and hotels competing for guests to occupy their party rooms. This Lodge is one of Orlando, Florida’s best kept secrets!

The Lodge is absent of the stereotypical stale smell of cigarettes and stale beer. The location is kept very well by its members. At a glance in any direction, one does not see a single tissue or straw wrapper on the floor. Everything is cleaned, polished, swept or wiped. The room beckons anyone needing a party room. Orlando Elks Lodge Ballroom and Banquet Rooms Available for rent…

  • Ballroom with Big Dance Floor for Weddings and Parties
  • Banquet and Meeting Rooms
  • Catering
  • FREE Parking and FREE Wi-Fi at all times!

The Orlando, Florida lodge was instituted on June 28, 1907. That makes the lodge over one hundred (100) years old. The original installing officer was H.M. Hund, DDGER from Tampa Lodge 708. The first Exhalted Ruler was W.R. O’Neal, a prominent insurance agent. Temporary space was rented from the Odd Fellows, but later Trustees leased space from the YMCA for $40 per month. A lot located at Central and Court Streets was purchased from Mr. Charles Rock for $1,250. Soon after that, a contract for construction was entered into for a Lodge building costing $8,500. (Note: A picture of this building is on display in their lobby) The building’s corner stone is on display in the Orange County Historical Society Museum. The building was sold to Orange County and the Lodge purchased the home of S. Walter Howe at 409 East Central Avenue overlooking Lake Eola. Dave Sholtz was the first Grand Exalted Ruler from Florida serving the years 1936-1937.

Brother Sholtz was also Governor of Florida from 1933-1937. In 1932 Brother Harry Miller presented Grand Exalted Sholtz the deed to a hotel in Umatilla, Florida, which became their present Florida Elks Children’s Hospital. On September 25, 1946, Exalted Ruler Alf A. Hazen appointed the first Tangerine Bowl Committee. Members were: Lawrence Sattariano, Hanley Pogue, Cracker Jim of Sentinel, C.W. McDaniel, Glen C. Cole, James J. Hacket, Frank Carboy, and Nick Serros. The first game was between Catawba College and Maryville College. Each team received $3,500 and the Elks Children’s Hospital received a donation of $2,736.75.

A major event occurred in 1951. That year marked the beginning of Orlando Does Drove #66, their Ladies organization has supported their Lodge year after year.

In 1959, Charles Klotz was Boy Scout Chairman, and Dr. John Heitz was Scout Master. Through their efforts, the first handicapped boy scout troop in the United States was formed. 

1969 was a disaster for the Orlando Lodge, for it was in May of that year that fire destroyed much of their lodge, then located at 409 East Central Avenue. After much searching, property was purchased at 12 North Primrose, and it has been the site of our present home for 33 years. Dick Branham was Exalted Ruler of the Lodge in 1972 when the building was completed and on the momentous occasion of the opening, the Grand Exalted Ruler, Gene Furnace, was present for the dedication.

The Lodge was opened with a Gala Celebration to the music of Sammy Kaye. The Lodge prospered and their officers brought national recognition by winning the National Ritual Contest in 1973-74. Their Lodge was also honored that same year when Brother Al Ehrlich was elected State President. It was the second time that the Orlando Lodge #1079 was honored with a member as State President, the other being C.M. Broadwater in 1908.

This bit of nostalgia was collected from numerous sources and reflects some of the Orlando Elks’ most fondest memories of the 99 years devoted to good works and fellowship. If you wish to rent the Lodge for a gathering, contact them directly at 407 894 1079. The Lodge is located at 12 N. Primrose, Orlando, FL 32803.

History (On a national level)

The Elks had modest beginnings in 1868 as a social club (then called the “Jolly Corks”) established as a private club to elude New York City laws governing the opening hours of public taverns. After the death of a member left his wife and children without income, the club took up additional service roles, rituals and a new name. Desiring to adopt “a readily identifiable creature of stature, indigenous to America,” fifteen members voted 8–7 in favor of the elk above the buffalo. Early members were mostly from theatrical performing troupes in New York City. It has since evolved into a major American fraternal, charitable, and service order with more than a million members, both men and women, throughout the United States and the former territories of the Philippines and the Panama Canal.

Membership in general and national membership drives…


New member proudly displays his affiliation

The BPOE was originally an all white organization. In the early 1970s this policy led the Order into conflict with the courts over its refusal to allow African Americans the use of its club and leisure activities. In nearly all instances, the all whites clause was made public after someone was denied the use of the Elks’ dining or leisure facilities. The clause was revoked at the Grand Lodge of 1976, with the proviso that it could be reinstated if the law allowed. However, some noted that the revocation would probably have little impact, as the Elks used the Blackball system to accept members, and at least three votes in a lodge were necessary to deny an applicant membership.

The Black Elks

The Black Elks were formed in 1899. This historically Black non-profit charitable fraternal organization is still operating.

Formally called the Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, it was founded in Cincinnati, OH. African Americans during the 19th and the first half of the 20th century were denied entry into any of the White fraternal organizations. There was a distinct need and desire for these organizations in Black communities for the same reasons that they were wanted everywhere. They provided financial, spiritual, and emotional support and served their communities in many other ways.

For Blacks, these organizations also provided a boost in self-esteem. The first of these African American societies were formed before the Civil War and they provided one of the few routes for the African American to economic and personal advancement. The Black Elks became the largest African-American fraternal organization in the world. The IBPOEW was modeled after the BPOE. Its stated purpose is “that the welfare and happiness of its members be promoted and enhanced, that nobleness of soul and goodness of heart be cultivated, that the principles of charity, justice, brotherly & sisterly love, and fidelity be inculcated, that its members and their families be assisted and protected, and that the spirit of patriotism be enlivened and exalted.”

B. F. Howard and Pullman porter Arthur J. Riggs, who had both been denied membership in the all-White BPOE, created the organization. They were determined to form an organization that granted membership to all qualified individuals without regard to race, creed, or ethnicity. Riggs was able to obtain a copy of the BPOE ritual and applied for and was granted a copyright of the ritual for the Black Elks. On November 17, 1898, the first meeting of the Black Elks was held. When the BPOE could not challenge them on legal grounds, they tried intimidation. White Elks in Birmingham, AL, pulled Riggs from where he worked and threatened to lynch him unless he relinquished the charter on his next trip to Birmingham.

Riggs agreed, but never returned to Birmingham. The White Elks forced Riggs out of his job and he could not find work anywhere in Cincinnati, so in 1899, under an assumed name, he and his family moved to Springfield, OH. B. F. Howard took over the running of the organization after Riggs went into hiding. With the help of another Black fraternity, the Knights of Pythias, the first chapter of the Black Elks was instituted in Cincinnati in 1899, with the full title of Improved Benevolent Protective Order of Elks of the World (IBPOEW).

The resentment among members of the White Elks continued. In 1906, sensing an opportunity to improve relations with the BPOE, the IBPOEW Grand Exalted Ruler Armand W. Scott ordered Black Elks to wear an IBPOEW pin and not the BPOE pin. This small difference, apparently, was enough and in 1918, the BPOE officially ended its opposition to the IBPOEW. The period of inter-fraternal strife was rendered closed.

Since then, the IBPOEW and its women’s organization, the Daughters of the IBPOEW, have continued to work for the African-American community. With subdivisions in education, health, veteran’s affairs, and civil liberties, the IBPOEW works for the concerns of African Americans and Black Elks worldwide. The lodge shouldered additional duties as the Highland-Ridge neighborhood in Birmingham slid into decline. Times have been hard in recent years for the Black Elks. Paul Brice, an exalted ruler, says his lodge hopes to revitalize itself, which is now down to about 50 members. Some lodges have a difficult time paying monthly bills. IBPOEW was actually an international organization with chapters in Canada for African-Canadians significantly in the Windsor, Toronto corridor until the 1990s.  Years ago, the IBPOEW lodge held a central role in a closed tightly knit community. As times changed, the lodge’s importance waned.

In 1979 the qualifications for membership included being male, 21 years old, of sound mind and body, a citizen of the United States and not a member of the Communist Party. Belief in a Supreme Being has been a prerequisite for membership since 1892. The word “God” was substituted for Supreme Being in 1946.

The current requirements include a belief in God, American citizenship, good moral character and being over 21.  In 1976 the BPOE had 1,611,139 members. Currently, it has 850,000 members.


The Elks have traditionally been an all male fraternal order. Unlike many other male orders, it has never had an official female auxiliary, after passing a resolution in 1907 that ruled “There shall be no branches or degrees of membership in the Order, nor any insurance or mutual features, nor shall there be other adjuncts of auxiliaries”. The Elks enforced this resolution through at least the 1970s. Nevertheless, several unofficial female auxiliaries were created: the Emblem Club, the Lady Elks and the Benevolent, Patriotic Order of Does. The Lady Elks appear only to exist on the local level and varies from place to place with regard to its activities. There also does not appear to be any published or printed ritual.

More organized are the Benevolent, Patriotic Order of Does who were founded on chartered on February 12, 1921. This organization does have an organization above the local level, complete with districts, state organizations and a national “Grand Lodge”. The Does also have a written secret ritual based on the Magnificat of Mary and which makes reference to St. Paul‘s First Epistle to the Corinthians Chapter 13, emphasizing love and charity.

The Emblem Club was founded in 1926, with a ritual written by a male Elk. It also has a national organization with local Clubs, State Association and a national Supreme Club of the United States.

Women were permitted to join in the mid-1990s The opening of membership to women was mandated by the Oregon Public Accommodations Act, which was found by an appeals court to apply to the BPOE, and it has been speculated that the religious restriction might be litigated on the same basis. A year after the national organization changed its policy to allow women to join, the Vermont Supreme Court ordered punitive damages of $5,000 for each of seven women whom a local chapter had rejected citing other reasons.

New National Membership Drive

In an effort to gain younger members the Elks club has radically changed its membership and recruiting methods. Senior officials cited the success of brotherhoods in larger metropolitan areas such as the Ocho Tardes and the 55-Avenue street organizations in Los Angeles. One of the nations top public relations firms recommended the changes after a year long study. A spokesman for the firm assured the senior Elks that today’s youth are looking for respect and a outlet to demonstrate worthiness when they are choosing which group to join.

Two of the more divergant changes in the initiation process are:

New members will now be ‘jumped in’. The new member must prove him/her self by enduring a severe beating by a pre-determined number of members for a pre-determined number of minutes.

New members will be required to wear the elk colors during thier daily activities and be tatooed as a sign of loyalty.

Existing members will be grandfathered in without the beating. No decision has been made as yet on tatoos for older members.

Structure and organization


The Elks Veterans Memorial and Headquarters Building in Chicago, Illinois


Grand Lodge in Chicago, Illinois

The Elks’ national headquarters are located in Chicago at the Elks National Veterans Memorial and Headquarters, over looking Lincoln Park, near Lake Michigan. This building was originally conceived as a memorial to the nearly 1,000 Elk brothers who were lost in the First World War. The cornerstone was laid July 7, 1924 and the building was officially dedicated on July 14, 1926.

The rotunda displays mural and statues illustrating the Elks four cardinal virtues of charity,justice, brotherly love and fidelity. The friezes depict the “Triumphs of War” on on side and “Triumphs of Peace” on the other. The entrance is flanked by large bronze Elks.

Grand Lodge

The BPOE is organized on three levels: the national or “grand” level, the state level and the local lodge. The highest level is the Grand Lodge, which meets in convention annually. The Grand Lodge elects all the officers of the order such as the Grand Exalted Ruler – the chief executive officer of the organization – Grand Secretary, Grand Esteemed Leading Knight, Grand Esteemed Loyal Knight, Grand Esteemed Lecturing Knight, Grand Treasurer, Grand Tiler (in charge of regalia), Grand Inner Guard and Grand Trustees. The three Knights assist the Grand Exalted Ruler and officiate in his absence; furthermore, the Grand Esteemed Loyal Knight acts a prosecutor in cases when an Elk is accused of an offense against the order. The Grand Trustee have general authority over assets and property owned by the order. The Grand Esquire is appointed by the Grand Exalted Ruler and organizes the Grand Lodges and serves as marshal of Elks parades. The Grand Chaplain is also appointed by the Grand Exalted Ruler.

The local lodges are known by their lodge number and the name of the city in which they are located. For example, the first Lodge, located in New York City, is Lodge 1, while the Lodge in Nashville, TN is Lodge 72. When a Lodge is closed, its number is retired, but if re-instituted at a later time, the city name and lodge number can be reinstated by the Grand Lodge.

Elks Magazine is published 10 times a year and goes to all members.

State Associations and Lodges

The state level organizations are called “State Associations”; state level officers include presidents, vice presidents, secretaries and treasurers. Local groups are called “Subordinate Lodges”. Lodges officers are essentially the same as the ones on the national level, with “Grand” prefix removed. Lodges also may establish dinner and recreational clubs for members. In 1979 there were 2,200 lodges

Local lodge officers

Chair Officers

  • Exalted Ruler
  • Esteemed Leading Knight
  • Esteemed Loyal Knight
  • Esteemed Lecturing Knight

Other Lodge Officers

  • Esquire
  • Inner Guard
  • Secretary
  • Treasurer
  • Tiler
  • Chaplain
  • Trustee (5 yr.)
  • Trustee (4 yr.)
  • Trustee (3 yr.)
  • Trustee (2 yr.)
  • Trustee (1 yr.)
  • Organist
  • Justice of the Subordinate Forum

Financial / Legal Governing

Lodges which are incorporated are required to be governed by a Board of Directors. Otherwise the Board of Trustees are the governing board. The Board of Directors consist of the Chaired Officers and the Trustees. This committee has the following powers: (a) control of the funds, investments and real and personal property of the Lodge, (b) execute all leases, contracts or other papers.

Social Club Management and Supervision

Lodges may choose in their bylaws between 4 options of governing their club facilities.

  1. Exalted Ruler, Esteemed Leading Knight, Esteemed Loyal Knight, Esteemed Lecturing Knight, and the Trustees of the Lodge
  2. Board of Trustees of the Lodge
  3. By a House Committee (of not less than 3 or more than 13) to be appointed by the Exalted Ruler of the Lodge
  4. Board of Directors of a corporation consisting of Chaired Officer and Trustees

Past Exalted Ruler’s Association

Past Exalted Rulers are not considered officers, but rather a valuable advisory resource. A Lodge’s Past Exalted Ruler’s Association usually meets monthly, and current officers are encouraged to seek counsel from the men and women who have led Lodges in previous years.

Elks Mutual Benefit Association

Like many other fraternal order, the Elks at one point sponsored an insurance fund. The Elks Mutual Benefit Association was founded in 1878. At the 1885 Grand Lodge it was reported that the EMBA was prosperous, but its finances were carelessly managed. The Association was disbanded after the 1907 Grand Lodge passed a resolution banning mutual or insurance features, as well as degrees and auxiliaries.


Despite its 1907 resolution banning auxiliary, the Elks at one point had a youth affiliate for young men called the Antlers. The first chapter was organized in February 1922 by San Francisco Lodge #3. The 1927 Grand Lodge approved the junior order, granting the Grand Exalted Ruler the power to permit subordinate lodges to instituted organizations for males under 21. In 1933 there were 45 local unites of the Antlers with 3,584 members. However, the Antlers numbers were decimated during the Second World War, with so many young men going off to war. Despite 86 local Antlers groups still existing in 1946, the Grand Lodge deleted all reference to them in their constitution and bylaws that year. However, some local Antlers groups were still active in 1979, according to one source.

National Charity Programs

Lodges are encouraged to participate in national Elks charity programs. There are also State Elks Associations charity programs. This usually includes a State Major Project. Elks Lodges are usually involved in other local charitable efforts.

Due to the willingness of most Elks Lodges to respond to community needs and events, it is common to turn the BPOE abbreviation into a backronym for “Best People on Earth.”

Elks National Foundation

Established in 1928, the Elks National Foundation is the charitable arm of the BPOE. The foundation, with an endowment valued at more than $400 million, has contributed $253.5 million toward Elks’ charitable projects nationwide.

Veteran Services

The Elks pledge that “So long as there are veterans, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks will never forget them.”[25]

  • Elks Veterans Memorial in Chicago IL
  • Army of Hope
  • Adopt-a-Veteran Program
  • Freedom Grants!
  • Veterans Leather Program
  • Veterans Remembrance
  • Playing Cards for Veterans
  • Re-Creation USA

Youth Programs


The Elks have shown their devotion to Americanism by conducting bond drives, promoting civil defense programs and Flag Day observance. During the Second World War they designated the week of March 15, 1942 “Win the War Week” and helped recruit for the United States Army Air Corps. An “Elks National Service Commission” was in operation from 1946-1950, and the Grand Lodge adopted a “Declaration of American Principles” in 1961 in Miami.

Community Investment Program

  • Impact Grants
  • Promise Grants

Elks National Home

The Elks National Home is a retirement home in Bedford, Virginia built in 1916.

Rituals and Traditions

The Elks originally borrowed a number of rituals, traditions and regalia from the Freemasons, however by the first decade of the twentieth century, much of this had been abandoned as the Elks sought to establish their own identity. The original two degrees required for membership were consolidated into one degree in 1890, the apron was discontinued in 1895, the secret password was gone in 1899, and the badges and grips were abandoned by 1904.

Initiation and funeral rituals still exist, however. The initiation rite is not considered a secret, but neither is it publicized indiscriminately either. The initiation involves an altar, with a bible upon it and chaplain leading the brethren in prayers and psalms. The candidate must accept a “solemn and binding obligation” to never “reveal any of the confidential matters of the Order”. He further promises to uphold the Constitution of the United States, protect brother Elks and their families, only support worthy candidates for admission and never bring political or sectarian questions up into the Order. The funeral rite is called the “Lodge of Sorrow” also involves prayers.

The Hour of Recollection

Deceased and otherwise absent lodge members are recalled each evening at 11 p.m. Chimes or sometimes a bell will be rung 11 times and the Lodge Esquire intones, “It is the Hour of Recollection.” The Exalted Ruler or a member designated by him gives the 11 o’clock toast, of which this version is the most common:

You have heard the tolling of eleven strokes. This is to remind you that with Elks, the hour of eleven has a tender significance. Wherever Elks may roam, whatever their lot in life may be, when this hour falls upon the dial of night, the great heart of Elkdom swells and throbs. It is the golden hour of recollection, the homecoming of those who wander, the mystic roll call of those who will come no more. Living or dead, an Elk is never forgotten, never forsaken. Morning and noon may pass them by, the light of day sink heedlessly into the west. But ere the shadows of midnight shall fall, the chimes of memory will be pealing forth the friendly message: To our absent members.

Communal burial

An interesting physical artifact of the order is the number of communal cemetery plots once favored by the group. Often these are marked with impressive statuary.

Famous Elks



Presidents of the United States


Members of Congress

Thomas Lawrence Reilly- United States House of Representatives representing Connecticut from 1910-1915, Past Grand Esteemed Leading Knight 1917 Boston

Other politicians



Sports figures

Other influential people

In popular culture

In Babbit, by Sinclair Lewis, the main character, George Babbit, is an active member of the Elks.

Canadian indie rock group The Weakerthans have a song entitled “Psalm for the Elks Lodge Last Call”.

National Convention sites & presiding Grand Exalted Rulers

The first Grand Lodge meeting was held on February 12, 1871 at 114–116 East 13th Street New York City, NY. The Grand Lodge Officers were, George J. Green elected to preside, E.G. Browne as Secretary and Hugh P. O’Neil, Fernando Pastor, J. C. Pinckney, S.K. Spencer, Claude Goldie, Henry P. O’Neil, A.H. Mulligan and Antonio “Tony” Pastor in other offices.[34][35][36]

Year: Convention Site, Grand Exalted RulerYear: Convention Site, Grand Exalted RulerYear: Convention Site, Grand Exalted RulerYear: Convention Site, Grand Exalted Ruler
1871: No Convention, George J. Green1871: No Convention, Charles T. White1872: No Convention, Joseph C. Pinckney1874: No Convention, James W. Powell
1874: No Convention, Henry P. O’Neil1876: No Convention, Frank Girard1878: No Convention, George R. Maguire1879: No Convention, Charles E. Davies
1879: No Convention, Louis C. Waehner1880: No Convention, Thomas E. Garrett1882: No Convention, John J. Tindale1883: No Convention, Edwin A. Perry
1884: No Convention, Henry S. Sanderson1885: No Convention, Daniel A. Kelly1886: No Convention, William E. English1887: No Convention, Hamilton E. Leach
1889: No Convention, Simon Quinlin1890: Cleveland OH, Simon Quinlin1891: Louisville KY, Edwin B. Hay1892: Buffalo NY, Edwin B. Hay
1893 :Detroit MI, Astley Apperly1894: Atlantic City NJ, Edwin B. Hay1895: Atlantic City NJ, William G. Meyers1896: Cincinnati OH, Meade D. Detweiler
1897: Minneapolis MN, Meade D. Detweiler1898: New Orleans LA, John Galvin1899: St. Louis MO, B.M. Allen1900: Atlantic City NJ, Jerome B. Fisher
1901: Milwaukee WI, Charles E. Pickett1902: Salt Lake City UT, George P. Cronk1903: Baltimore MD, Joseph T. Fanning1904: Cincinnati OH, Wm. J. O’Brien, Jr.
1905: Buffalo NY, Robert W. Brown1906: Denver CO, Henry A. Melvin1907: Philadelphia PA, John K. Tener1908: Dallas TX, Rush L. Holland
1909: Los Angeles CA, J.U. Sammis1910: Detroit MI, Aug. Herrmann1911: Atlantic City NJ, John P. Sullivan1912: Portland OR, Thomas B. Mills
1913: Rochester NY, Edward Leach1914: Denver CO, Raymond Benjamin1915: Los Angeles CA, James R. Nicholson1916: Baltimore MD, Edward Rightor
1917: Boston MA, Fred Harper1918: Atlantic City NJ, Bruce A. Campbell1919: Atlantic City NJ, Frank L. Rain1920: Chicago IL, Wm. M. Abbott
1921: Los Angeles CA, W. W. Mountain1922: Atlantic City NJ, J.E. Masters1923: Atlanta GA, James G. McFarland1924: Boston MA, John G. Price
1925: Portland OR, William H. Atwell1926: Chicago IL, Charles H. Grakelow1927: Cincinnati OH, John F. Malley1928: Miami FL, Murray Hulbert
1929: Los Angeles CA, Walter P. Andrews1930: Atlantic City NJ, Lawrence H. Rupp1931: Seattle WA, John R. Coen1932: Birmingham AL, Floyd E. Thompson
1933: Milwaukee WI, Walter F. Meier1934: Kansas City MO, Michael F. Shannon1935: Columbus OH, James T. Hallinan1936: Los Angeles CA, David Sholtz
1937: Denver CO, Charles Spencer Hart1938: Atlantic City NJ, Edward J. McCormick1939: St. Louis MO, Henry C. Warner1940: Houston TX, Joseph G. Buch
1941: Philadelphia PA, John S. McClelland1942: Omaha NE, E. Mark Sullivan1943: Boston MA, Frank J. Lonergan1944: Chicago IL, Robert S. Barrett
1945: New York NY, Wade H. Kepner1946: New York NY, Charles E. Broughton1947: Portland OR, L. A. Lewis1948: Philadelphia PA, George I. Hall
1949: Cleveland, OH, Emmett T. Anderson1950: Miami FL, Joseph B. Kyle1951: Chicago IL, Howard R. Davis1952: New York NY, Sam Stern
1953: St. Louis MO, Earl E. James1954: Los Angeles CA, William J. Jernick1955: Philadelphia PA, John L. Walker1956: Chicago IL, Fred L. Bohn
1957: San Francisco CA, H. K. Blackledge1958: New York NY, Horace R. Wisely1959: Chicago IL, W. S. Hawkins1960: Dallas TX, John E. Fenton
1961: Miami Beach FL, William A. Wall1962: Chicago IL, Lee A. Donaldson1963: San Francisco CA, Ronald J. Dunn1964: New York NY, Robert G. Pruitt
1965: Miami Beach FL, R. Leonard Bush1966: Dallas TX, Raymond C. Dobson1967: Chicago IL, Robert E. Boney1968: New York NY, Edward W. McCabe
1969: Dallas TX, Frank Hise1970: San Francisco CA, Glenn Miller1971: New Orleans LA, E. Gene Fournace1972: Atlantic City NJ, Francis Smith
1973: Chicago IL, Robert Yothers1974: Miami Beach FL, Gerald Strohm1975: Dallas TX, Willis McDonald1976: Chicago IL, George Klein
1977: New Orleans LA, Homer Huhn, Jr.1978: San Diego CA, Leonard Bristol1979: Dallas TX, Robert Grafton1980: New Orleans LA, H. Foster Sears
1981: Las Vegas NV, Raymond Arnold1982: Chicago IL, Marvin Lewis1983: Honolulu HI, Kenneth Cantoli1984: Houston TX, Frank Garland
1985: Seattle WA, Jack Traynor1986: Denver CO, Peter Affatato1987: Atlanta GA, Ted Callicott1988: Las Vegas NV, Robert Sabin
1989: New Orleans LA, Donald Dapelo1990: Las Vegas NV, James Damon1991: St. Louis MO, Lester Hess, Jr.1992: Dallas TX, Vincent Collura
1993: Portland OR, Charles Williams1994: Chicago IL, Kenneth Moore1995: New Orleans LA, Edward Mahan1996: Las Vegas NV, Gerald Coates
1997: Chicago IL, Carlon O’Malley1998: Anaheim CA, C. Valentine Bates1999: Kansas City MO, James C. Varenhorst2000: Dallas TX, Dwayne E. Rumney
2001: Philadelphia PA, Arthur Mayer, Jr.2002: Reno NV, Roger R. True2003: St. Louis MO, Amos A. McCallum2004: Minneapolis MN, James M. McQuillan
2005: Reno NV, Louis James Grillo2006: Orlando FL, Arthur H. Frost III2007: Charlotte NC, F. Louis Sulsberger2008: Anaheim CA, Paul D. Helsel
2009: Portland OR, James L. Nichelson2010: Orlando FL, Michael F. Smith2011: Phoenix AZ, David R. Carr2012: Austin TX, Thomas S. Brazier
2013: Reno NV, Millard C. Pickering2014: New Orleans LA,2015: Indianapolis IN,2016: Houston TX,
2017: Reno NV,2018: TBA,2019: TBA,2020: TBA,

See also

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